Protection from the Elements

Protecting Yourself from the Elements After drowning, the highest danger comes from exposure (cold, wind, heat, sun, salt). Hypothermia Hypothermia is the main cause of death resulting from exposure to the elements. The body heat loss is 25 times greater in the water than in the air. Even in tropical water, a man immersed (without protection) for an extended period of time will die from hypothermia. (In the 80s a dive boat sunk in the warm water of the Sea of Cortez. The only people who survived were the ones who were able to grab their wetsuits. Survivors still suffered from hypothermia). In cold water, dying from hypothermia might be a matter of minutes. In the heat of the moment If you can, grab as much clothing as possible. Polypropylene will protect you even wet. Rain gear will protect you in the raft. In the water Try to get off the water as soon as possible. If you can’t, save your energy. Avoid all movements that will increase...
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Life Boat and Abandoning Ship

Lifeboat Drill & Abandoning Ship LIFEBOAT DRILL Lifeboat drill is carried out on every ship soon after it sails and should become a well-rehearsed procedure. Passengers are instructed in how to fit life-jackets, how they are to proceed to their lifeboat stations, and what to take with them. Sailors in small boats should also devise such a drill and instruct everyone on board. If the signal is given to abandon ship put on warm, preferably wool, clothing including hat and gloves and wrap a towel around your neck. Clothes will not drag you under if you end up in the water and they will help ward off the worst enemy – exposure. Take a torch if you can and grab chocolates and boiled sweets if they are handy. Do NOT push or shout, you may start a panic – an orderly embarkation into lifeboats and on to rafts or dinghies will be faster in the long run and establish a calmer attitude. Don’t inflate...
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Survival at Sea

Survival at Sea Conditions of survival at sea are perhaps worse than those of any other environment and make for some of the most demanding of situations. Planes and boats carry survival equipment, but even getting into a dinghy in a heavy sea can be difficult. Once emergency supplies of food and water run out, sources are not reliable – so any possibility of obtaining food from the sea and collecting drinking water must be exploited to conserve supplies as long as possible. Not all fish is edible and some are even dangerous to handle. Shark dangers are often exaggerated, but should not be ignored. Appropriate action is needed to avoid or deter them. A difficult coast can make even a final landfall hazardous, so heed the advice on lessening the risks. Four-fifths of the Earth’s surface is open water – probably the most frightening of all environments, and the most difficult in which to survive. In cold water the body soon becomes chilled...
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Water

Water 4 1/2 liters of water per person per day is recommended to maintain hydration during moderate activity. This means you will need a reliable source of water and then know how to treat it to kill all sorts of viruses and diseases that may be in your water source. Possible sources of water can be obvious like a stream, lake, or pond. Others may be a bit more difficult to acquire like rainwater or a solar still. If you can only find a small pond you need to inspect it as sometimes animals die while drinking and fall in, this should be avoided due to obvious reasons. Look for signs like animal tracks or paths. Animals have to drink too and their paths will usually go to a drinking source. Once you find your water source you will first need to treat the water, this is the easiest step that most people are misinformed about. With a water temperature of 160 to...
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Research Your Destination

Research Your Destination You can never have too much information about a place you are traveling to. Contact people who know the area already, read books, study maps – and make sure that you have reliable and up-to-date maps to take with you. Find out about the local people. Are they likely to be friendly and helpful or are they wary of strangers? Are there local customs and taboos? The more detailed your knowledge of the way people live (particularly in non-westernized societies, where life is linked much more closely to the land) the more survival knowledge you will have if you come to need it. Local methods of shelter building and fire making, wild foods, herbal medicines and water sources will be based on an intimate understanding of the surroundings....
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Food Storage

Food Storage America is the land of plenty; a place of security and shelter for its citizens. Would we ever really need to use food storage here? This is a thought-provoking question. Research has shown that the average American household has less than a week’s supply of food on hand. This is also the case with the average American supermarket. Without being paranoid or panicked, there are many valid reasons to put extra food away. We are all somewhat vulnerable to events beyond our control. But most situations are probably closer to home: loss of power, unexpected or unplanned interruptions of life such as unemployment, loss of income due to illness or injury, or high medical bills due to an accident. Food storage is a form of insurance protecting your family from the unexpected. A Wise Investment Food storage becomes a wise investment in future stability and an even wiser investment if you practice storing what you use and using what you store. Making...
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Survival Plan

Survival PLAN The main elements of survival are Food, Fire, Shelter, Water, Navigation and Medicine. To put these in order of priority we use the acronym PLAN. No matter where you are in the world this will never change be it the Arctic, desert, jungle, sea or seashore. Being suitably prepared may well save your life. P – FOR PROTECTION You must ensure that you are protected from further danger, e.g. impending avalanche, forest fire or exploding fuel. Always stay on the scene of the incident as long as it is safe to do so and then make sure you are protected from the elements. This means making a shelter and often lighting a fire. There are several reasons why you should always stay at the scene: -1 You can utilize the wreckage for shelter, signaling etc. -2 It’s a bigger signature on the ground, making it easier to find. -3 There are probably injured people that cannot be moved. -4 By staying where you are you conserve energy. -5...
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The Will to Survive

The Will to Survive When in a survival situation your will to survive is always the deciding factor. Alone or with a group of fellow survivors, you will be faced with the hazards of fear, despair, loneliness, and boredom. In addition to mental stress an injury, pain, fatigue, hunger and thirst may greatly tax your ability to survive. Remember the keyword S-U-R-V-I-V-A-L: S – Size Up The Situation. Take into account yourself, the environment you are in, and potential search and rescue operations. Yourself - Hope for the best and be prepared for the worst. - Remember your survival training and be confident in your abilities. - Seek safety and make yourself comfortable. - Inventory your equipment, state of health, food, and water. - Remain calm. Think things over and form a plan. - Think about where you are and where you want to go. The Environment - Find out where you are by using your knowledge of the area, landmarks, compass or GPS readings, your maps. - Note the landscape. Try to obtain...
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